九年级上|仁爱版英语九年级上册课文听力Unit 4 Topic 1(附知识梳理),预习随身听!

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一、重点词汇:

(一)词形转换:

1. successful(副词)                2. proper(副词)

3. completely(动词)                4. leader(动词)

5. succeed(名词)                   6. hero(复数)

7. physics(形容词)                 8. fix(同义词)

9. introduce(名词)                 10. far(比较级)

(二)重点词组:

1. go around                       环绕

2. send…into…       =send up…into…                 把……送入

3. congratulations on sth              祝贺某事

4. be proud of                      为……而自豪

 5. be moved by                     为……而感动

6. Thanks/Thank you for +n./ving sth    感谢某人做的某事

7. have physical examinations          做体检  

8. in good/bad health                 处于好(不好)的身体状态

9. can’t help doing                   情不自禁做……

10. take turn to (do sth)               轮流(做某事)

11. no doubt                        无疑地

12. as well as                        除……的之外,也

13. for instance/example               例如

14. work on                         做……(方面)的工作

15. depend on/upon                   依靠,依赖

16. turn on                          打开

17. turn off                          关掉

18. turn up                          开大

19. turn down                        关小

20. click on                          用鼠标点击

21. look forward to doing sth            期待做某事

二、重点句型:

1. Now big plans are being made to send up more satellites and even build a space station.

现在中国正在计划发射更多的卫星,甚至建造一个空间站。

(1) 句子“are being made”是现在进行时的被动语态,结构“be being+过去分词”。

(2) 主动句中的宾补如果是不带to的不定式时,变成被动句后,成为主补的不定式必须带to,常见跟不带to的复合宾语的动词有see、feel、hear、make等。

2. I’m moved by what Yang Liwei did.     我被杨利伟所做的事感动了。

(1) What Yang Liwei did          是介词by的宾语从句,意为“杨利伟所做的事”

(2) be moved by    为……而感动  如:The students are moved by the old man’s story.

同学们为那位老人的故事而感动。

3. Generally speaking, we are in good health now.

   一般来说,我们现在的健康状况良好。

(1) generally speaking   “一般来说、大体上、大概”

(2) in good/bad health    处于好(不好)的身体状况。如:

He has a cold, he is always in bad health.  他感冒了,他的身体状况总是不好。

4. We couldn’t help looking at the earth again and again.我们忍不住再三地看着地球。    (1) can’t/couldn’t help doing sth.  忍不住做某事,不能停止做某事。如: 

I can’t help crying.  我忍不住哭了。

(2) again and again   一再,屡次,如:

The teacher has told him again and again.老师已屡次和他讲过了。

5. I was able to fall asleep as soon as I got into the sleeping bag.

We took turns to have a rest.   一进入睡袋我就睡着了。我们轮流休息。

take turns to (do sth.)   轮流(做某事)。

The Browns take turns to look after the baby.   布朗一家轮流照看这个婴儿。

6. It has proved that China has made great progress in developing its space industry.  这证明了中国航天业的发展已取得了巨大的进步。

It has proved that…    这证明了……

7.There is no doubt that computers are widely used by workers in business and technology.

毫无疑问,电脑被商业,科技工作者广泛地应用.

There is no doubt that…      译为“毫无疑问”如:

There is no doubt that we should protect the environment.

  毫无疑问我们应该保护环境。

8. Computers have made the world smaller, like a “village”.

   电脑使得世界变小了,就像一个“村庄”。

   make+宾语+形容词     “使……怎样”如:

We’ll try our best to make our country more and more beautiful.

我们将尽全力使我产的国家越来越美丽.

三、日常交际用语:

Congratulations!

Thanks for your introduction.

Pleased to meet you.    =Nice to meet you.

It’s an honor to interview you now.

What do you think of ShenZhou VI?   =What are your thoughts about ShenZhou VI?

四、重点语法:

宾语补足语: 宾语补足语用来补充说明宾语,与宾语一起构成复合宾语。可作宾语补足语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词和动词不定式等。

(一)、名词、形容词、副词、介词短语作宾语补足语。如:

1.We call him Jim.(名词)   我们叫他吉姆。

2.We must keep our school clean every day.(形容词)   我们必须每天保持校园清洁。

3.Call him in, please.(副词)   请叫他进来。

4.Leave it on the desk.(介词短语)   把它留在课桌上。

(二)、动词不定式作宾语补足语可分为三种情况:

1.跟带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有:ask, tell, get, teach, want, invite, like, allow, wish, encourage等。如:Tell Jane to sing us a song.叫简给我们唱支歌。

2.跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有“一感(feel)、二听(listen to, hear),三让(make, let, have),四看(look at, see, watch, notice)如:Let’s have a rest.让我们休息一会儿。

但这种结构变成被动语态时,to必须加上。如:

He was seen to leave the room with a book in his hand.有人见他手拿着一本书离开这个房间。

3.跟带to或不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。这类动词只有help。如:

Can you help me (to) wash my clothes ?   你能帮我洗衣服吗?

(三)、分词作宾语补足语可分为两种情况。

1.现在分词作宾语补足语,经常表示正在发生的动作。可跟这类补足语的动词有:see, watch, hear等。如:

I hear somebody singing in the next room.   我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。

2.过去介词作宾语补足语,经常表示被动。如:

You need to have your hair cut.       你需要理发了。


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